Osseous surgery is done when there is a significant amount of bone loss due to periodontal diseases. They mainly develop as plaque gets accumulated on the teeth and hardens to form tartar. It causes red puffy gums, which leads to swelling and bleeding. However, with the help of thorough dental hygiene, these problems and periodontal diseases can be avoided. Osseous surgery can help in reducing bacteria from the gums which in turn lessens the number of pockets and smoothes out the damaged bones.